This page shows mainly brief notes about Cagayan de Oro history. Click here to see the full article by Dr. Antonio J. Montalvan II.
romantic tale points to the word "kagayhaan"
as the origin of "cagayan", but this narrative is not historical.
websites claim that the earliest discovered human bone in Cagayan
de Oro is dated 1,600 BC. The correct figure is 350 AD.
An ancient settlement of Cagayan de Oro is the open site in Huluga. Several newspaper reporters incorrectly use the phrase "Huluga Caves" to refer to this place. TheWikipedia entry on Huluga Caves is also inaccurate. This misconception seems to be the result of the popular depiction of early humans as cave dwellers. Although there is truth to this portrayal in many findings worldwide, fossils and artifacts in Huluga caves indicate that the caves were used for burial. The aforementioned human bone dated 350 AD was found in a Huluga cave.
Indications of prolonged human habitation were found in the Huluga open site on a hill, now referred to by the Heritage Conservation Advocates (HCA) as Obsidian Hill, which has been damaged by mayor Vicente Yap. Emano in 2003, and left unprotected since.
Sketch of Huluga male by Nonoy Estarte of Museo de Oro, Xavier University
Huluga is an archaeological area composed of two parts -- the caves and the hill. To refer to Huluga as a settlement site, writers should use any of these phrases: Huluga open site or Huluga settlement site. See primer on Huluga.
There are other sites in Cagayan de Oro where artifacts and fossils have been found. More studies are needed for these areas and Huluga.
2004, a team from the University of the Philippines-Archaeological
Studies Program (UP-ASP) made a misleading report about Huluga, calling it a "camp-like" area. The team, which ignored amidden in Huluga and several artifacts and fossils found by the HCA, was paidP450,000 by the administration of former mayor Vicente Y. Emano. The webmaster has several articles about the ASP report. Two among them:
In 2009, a grave site containing 52 male and female human individuals of varied ages were discovered in Huluga. Nine Sung and Sawangkhalok bowls from this site are on display in the Museum of Three Cultures of Capitol University. The bones are in Museo de Oro of Xavier University. Angel Bautista of the National Museum said these findings further established Huluga as a settlement site.
Miss Cagayan de Oro 2008
Jennifer Precious Gaston
The current mayor, Oscar Moreno, who was elected in 2013, has so far not shown any interest in Huluga and other prehistoric sites in Cagayan de Oro.
authority on Cagayan de Oro history is Dr. Antonio J. Montalvan
II, former curator of the Museum of Three Cultures of Capitol University. Hisarticle on the Cagayan de Oro history is in the website about Cagayan de Oro heritage. Montalvan's book "A Cagayan de Oro Ethnohistory Reader" was published in 2004. It is based on his anthropological doctoral thesis at Xavier University.